The American computer giant Microsoft withdraws its Internet Explorer browser from the market, Wednesday June 15, 2022. It is the last nail in the coffin of software which held up to 95% of market share, before be totally eclipsed by the competition, then to disappear from use.

A big blue “e”. This logo has been displayed on the screens of millions of computers around the world for many years. It is that of the Internet Explorer browser, launched in 1995. This software, which has been part of the daily life of many Internet users for more than twenty years, will stop working: the American giant Microsoft is withdrawing Internet Explorer from the market this Wednesday, June 15, 2022 This is the last nail in the coffin of this computer program that dominated the market, before losing ground against the competition, until it disappeared.

Life and Death of Internet Explorer

To understand why Microsoft is turning the page on Internet Explorer, look at this infographic from the Statista portal on the market shares of different internet browsers:

We see that in 2009, the software holds just under 75% of the shares. Over the years and the arrival of competition, the curve plunges, until it reaches 0 in 2022.

The software launched in 1995 really took off in 1997, when Microsoft integrated Internet Explorer directly into the Windows operating system for PCs. The main competitor of the time, Netscape, will introduce, for this reason, an appeal before the American courts, for breach of antitrust legislation.

By automatically integrating the browser into this operating system, which dominates the market, Microsoft is boosting the use of the software: these will peak in 2003, when Internet Explorer’s market share will reach 95%, indicates the PC Mag trade magazine.

Google Chrome, the new market leader

The problem is that the software did not meet the guidelines of the World Wide Web Consortium, the international organization that establishes standards for Internet technologies, according to the American magazine Wired. Result, still according to this media, the browser displayed websites in a way very different from its competitors, such as Netscape or Opera.

But the software remained massively used, because it was pre-installed on PCs, Wired explains, so many users did not know that alternatives existed, or did not think of using them. But over the years, competitors entered the market: Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome… And they proved to be much more efficient than Internet Explorer, because they were updated much more often than the latter.

Since 2015, Microsoft has also offered a new browser, Edge. And in 2019, a cybersecurity specialist from the computer giant advised Internet users against making Internet Explorer their default browser. The countless bugs and slowness of the software have also been the subject of much mockery, in particular “memes”, these humorous images which are available on social networks.

“It clearly wasn’t the joy”: Developers aren’t mourning the end of Internet Explorer

Microsoft had announced it, it is now time to say goodbye to internet explorer. Twenty-seven years after it was first put online, the browser is definitely bowing out. Goyouhe miss the developers?

The end of Internet Explorer is not a surprise. The browser, created by Microsoft in 1995, will stop working on June 15, 2022 after many years of loyal (but relatively poor) service. The American firm Redmond had already indicated this more than a year ago. Internet Explorer had not been updated for a few years and Microsoft advised its users to favor its new browser launched in 2015, namely Edge. New Internet Explorer users will now be automatically redirected there. What do the developers think? Are they affected by the end of Internet Explorer?

“Internet Explorer did not represent a large market share. Only big boxes or old services designed for this browser (with proxies) might have been impacted. But, that will not be the case, because they have been warned for a while”, explains Mathieu Menut, the CTO at Humanoid, the publisher of Numerama.

Farewells, but without consequences for the developers

“I had the opportunity, and this for almost 10 years, to work with Internet Explorer, and it was clearly not a joy”, describes William , Web technical director at Étienne Services. According to him, there was “so much to manage at the level of CSS and JavaScript, that maintaining a browser like Internet Explorer would have been too difficult. And then, it weighed heavily in human resources. »

The descent into hell of Internet Explorer is explained first of all by “the mediocrity of the software development of Internet Explorer”, explains Mathieu Menut. The rise of Firefox and Google Chrome also got the better of it, renowned for its slowness.

But for William, the problem with Internet Explorer can also be explained by Microsoft’s strategy, which imposed this software on users at all costs, without necessarily adapting to current standards. “The web needs uniformity, norms, standards and best practices. Standards and norms have changed. If a browser is imposed on us, its problems must be solved through updates. For example, 10 years ago, if your site was working, it was already very good. Today, it takes optimization and resources, both on the client side and on the server side. »

A bitter failure for Microsoft

Internet Explorer is arguably Microsoft’s biggest failure in the consumer software category. “Today, the main browsers are based on a Gecko or WebKit rendering engine, which was not the case with Internet Explorer”, continues William.

Its version 11 has never been a popular browser. After the launch of Microsoft Edge, its shortcomings were brought to light, by contrast (many criticizing it for poor performance unlike Chrome, Firefox).

Over the years, the slowness of Internet Explorer had even become a “meme” on social networks. On Twitter, the Microsoft browser even has the right to its parody account in French, followed by more than 178,000 users. Mocking the slowness of the software, the account posts news with months or even years of . And this is likely to last even after the “death” of the browser.

Why Internet Explorer does not disappear completely

This Wednesday, June 15, the Internet Explorer browser bids farewell. It was one of the first reference tools for surf the Internet in the mid-1990s, before being overtaken and then overtaken, notably by Google. Nevertheless, it will be still possible to use Explorerbut there will be more updates on the browser, launched in August 1995.

Microsoft had already announced, in May 2021, the end of Explorer for June 15, 2022. The group now wants to focus its efforts on its Edge browser, put on the market in 2015, which allows a navigation “faster, safer and more modern than Explorer”, assures the firm.

Become, over the years, a samefor his slowness and his many bugsthem user posts nostalgia have, all the same, multiplied on the social networksto give it a last tribute.

After 27 years of service, Microsoft says goodbye to the Internet Explorer browser

Microsoft officially said goodbye Wednesday to the Internet Explorer browser, which was one of the first reference tools for surfing the web in the mid-90s, before being caught up and then overtaken by the competition, first and foremost Google.

It will still be possible to use Explorer, but the giant from Redmond (Washington State) will no longer make any updates or modifications to the browser, launched almost 27 years ago, in August 1995.

Microsoft had announced the end of Explorer, which will have known eleven successive versions, from the beginning of 2021, then gave the date of June 15 in May 2021.

The group now intends to focus its efforts on its Edge browser, launched in 2015, which allows navigation “faster, safer and more modern than Explorer”, Microsoft justified last year.

The company has also ensured that Edge can visit sites and applications built to work with Explorer.

After its launch, Explorer had quickly supplanted the first major browser in the history of the Internet, Netscape, to the point of weighing more than 90% of the sector by the early 2000s.

Posts from nostalgic users have swept through social media to pay a final tribute to the blue letter “e” that has long graced the screens of hundreds of millions of computers.

“I’m old enough for Internet Explorer. It was my childhood. rest in peace,” tweeted Michigan TV presenter Brian Keller.

“Thank you for being the best browser to download Chrome and Firefox for 14 years,” quipped, also on Twitter, Edy Sulistyo, an Indonesian entrepreneur.

In 1997, the government of US President Bill Clinton sued Microsoft for abuse of a dominant position, in particular concerning Explorer.