Borne’s motion of censure – the 18th addressed to her since she took office – was presented by the left-wing Nupes alliance after the prime minister activated Article 49.3 to pass the bill on public finances without a vote.
The motion received only 193 of the 289 votes needed to pass, an unsurprising result given the lack of support from the center-right.
Its rejection constitutes the adoption of the 2023-2027 budget program, which now passes to the Senate, the upper house of the French parliament.
The spokesperson for Nupes, the socialist Philippe Brun, accused the government of “favoring with the greatest servility a very well-endowed minority of French people” despite “an immense inflationary crisis”.
President Emmanuel Macron “tried to make Parliament disappear with his repeated (use) of 49.3,” Brun added.
The far right had supported the left’s motion of censure, accusing Borne of “the repeated and abusive use of 49.3”.
Borne, for his part, responded to both factions, asserting that “demagoguery is your only budgetary path.”
The government also used Article 49.3 earlier this year to push through unpopular pension reforms, sparking violent protests.