- Between 2:00 p.m. on December 6 and 2:00 p.m. on December 7, at least 350 Palestinians were killed and 1,900 injured, according to the Ministry of Health (MoH) in Gaza, and five Israeli soldiers were killed, according to Israeli sources. Intensive Israeli bombardment from air, land and sea across Gaza continued, focusing on the middle zone. At the same time, ground operations and fighting intensified significantly and rocket attacks by Palestinian armed groups towards Israel continued.
- On December 7, Israeli military forces arrested dozens to hundreds of Palestinian men and boys aged 15 at a school in Beit Lahia, in the north, where they were taking refuge, according to media sources. The detainees were stripped naked, tied up and transferred to an unknown location. Official Israeli sources said the detainees’ possible affiliation with Hamas was under investigation.
- On December 7 at 10 p.m., 69 trucks carrying humanitarian supplies and 61,000 liters of fuel entered Gaza from Egypt. This is well below the daily average of 170 trucks and 110,000 liters of fuel entered during the humanitarian pause implemented between November 24 and 30, and the average of 500 trucks (including fuel) entered each day open before October 7. On December 7, 121 sick people and 491 foreigners or dual nationals were evacuated from Gaza to Egypt.
- The UN’s ability to receive large amounts of aid has been significantly weakened in recent days by several factors. These include a shortage of trucks in Gaza, some of which are stuck in the Middle Zone, which has been separated from the south; telecommunications outages; and the increasing number of personnel who were unable to report to the Rafah crossing point due to hostilities.
- On December 7, the deputy secretary general declared during a press briefing: “We no longer have a humanitarian operation in southern Gaza that can bear this name. That the pace of the military attack in southern Gaza is a repeat of the attack in northern Gaza. That he did not create any safe place for civilians in southern Gaza, which was the cornerstone of the humanitarian plan to protect civilians and therefore provide them with aid. But without safe places, that plan is in tatters.
- On December 7, Rafah was the main Gaza governorate where limited aid distributions took place. In the adjacent Khan Younis governorate, except for the delivery of medical supplies to two hospitals, aid distribution was largely halted due to the intensity of hostilities. The Middle Zone was largely disconnected from the south, following movement restrictions imposed by Israeli forces along main roads. Southern access to areas north of Wadi Gaza (hereinafter: the north) was cut off on December 1, with the resumption of hostilities.
- On December 7, WHO delivered trauma and emergency care equipment to the European Hospital in Gaza and the Nasser Medical Complex in Khan Younis, to cover the needs of 4,500 patients. This was the first delivery mission since November 29, despite active hostilities in the region.
- The influx of internally displaced persons (IDPs) into Rafah continued on December 7. Since December 3, tens of thousands of displaced people have arrived, the majority coming from Khan Younis governorate. Humanitarian actors in Gaza report extreme overcrowded conditions and a lack of basic resources in Rafah, where there is no longer any empty space for people to shelter, not even in the streets and other open areas. Thousands of people wait for hours in large crowds around aid distribution centers, as people desperately need food, water, shelter, health care and protection. Under these conditions, there is fear of a breakdown of public order.
- On December 7, the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS) announced the cessation of operations at its ambulance center in northern Gaza. The shortage of fuel for vehicles and the closure of operating hospitals in the northern region made it impossible to evacuate the injured. However, ambulance crews were still handling minor and moderate cases in Jabalia, treating around 250 injured people per day.
- On December 7, an additional area across Jabalia, Az Zaytoun, Old Gaza City and Ash Shuja’iyeh, covering approximately 30 square kilometers, was designated by the Israeli military for immediate evacuation to shelters in the west . This area was home to around 500,000 residents and around 200,000 displaced people who found shelter in 70 designated emergency shelters as of October 2023.
- Under international humanitarian law, parties to a conflict must take all possible precautions to avoid, and in any event minimize, harm to civilians. This may involve evacuating civilians or providing effective advance warning of an attack, giving civilians ample time to leave, as well as a safe route and place to go. All possible measures must be adopted to ensure that displaced civilians can benefit from satisfactory conditions of security, shelter, nutrition and hygiene and to guarantee that members of their families are not separated. Civilians choosing to remain in areas designated for evacuation do not lose their protection.
- In a letter to the Security Council invoking Article 99 of the UN Charter, the UN Secretary-General reiterated his call for a humanitarian ceasefire and said: “We face a grave risk collapse of the humanitarian system. The situation is rapidly deteriorating into a catastrophe with potentially irreversible consequences for Palestinians as a whole and for peace and security in the region. Such an outcome must be avoided at all costs. » On this basis, a special session of the Security Council will be held in the coming days.
Hostilities and victims (Gaza Strip)
- Among the deadliest incidents reported on December 6, involving strikes against residential buildings, were:
- On December 6, around 6 p.m., a residential building was struck in central Rafah, killing 18 Palestinians, including children.
- On December 6, around 9 p.m., a residential building housing displaced people in the Barkat Al-Waz area, west of Al-Maghazi camp, central Gaza, was struck, killing 18 Palestinians, mostly children, and injuring 20 others.
- According to the Gaza Ministry of Health, between the afternoon of October 7 and December 7, at least 17,177 Palestinians were killed in Gaza, approximately 70 percent of whom were women and children, and 46,000 were injured. . Many others are missing, likely under the rubble, awaiting rescue or recovery.
- On December 5, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights stated that “the series of attacks targeting or impacting civilian infrastructure raises serious concerns about Israel’s compliance with international humanitarian law and increases significantly increases the risk of atrocity crimes.
- A total of 93 Israeli soldiers have been killed in Gaza since the start of Israeli ground operations, according to official Israeli sources.
Displacement (Gaza Strip)
- On December 1, the Israeli military published a detailed map online showing the Gaza Strip divided into hundreds of small areas. It appears the map is intended to facilitate evacuation orders for people to specific areas before they are targeted. Since then, various areas, covering almost 30 percent of the Gaza Strip, have been designated for evacuation. Residents’ ability to access this information is impaired by recurring telecommunications interruptions and lack of electricity to charge electronic devices.
- As of December 5, according to UNRWA, nearly 1.9 million people in Gaza, or nearly 85 percent of the population, were estimated to be internally displaced. Nearly 1.2 million of these displaced people were registered in 156 UNRWA facilities across Gaza, with approximately one million registered in 98 UNRWA shelters in the south (before the evacuation mentioned above) . It is difficult to obtain an accurate count, particularly given the difficulties associated with tracking displaced persons staying with host families, the movements of displaced persons following evacuation orders since December 1, and the expulsions of five UNRWA shelters on December 6 and access restrictions.
- Due to overcrowding and poor sanitary conditions in UNRWA shelters in the south, there has been a significant increase in certain communicable diseases and conditions such as diarrhea, acute respiratory infections, skin infections and problems hygiene like lice. There are also early reports of outbreaks.
Concerns have been raised about vulnerable groups of people who are struggling with difficult accommodation conditions. This includes people with disabilities; pregnant women, who have recently given birth or who are breastfeeding; people recovering from injuries or surgeries; and those with weakened immune systems.
- Since October 11, the Gaza Strip has been plunged into a power outage, after Israeli authorities cut off electricity supplies and fuel reserves for Gaza’s only power plant ran out. Depending on fuel availability, electricity is produced by generators as well as solar panels. For more information on the Gaza Strip’s electricity supply, please see this dashboard.
Health care, including attacks (Gaza Strip)
- Currently, only 14 of the Gaza Strip’s 36 hospitals are functional and capable of admitting new patients, and even in these facilities, services are limited. Only two of these hospitals are in the north. The two main hospitals in southern Gaza are operating at three times their bed capacity, facing severe shortages of basic supplies and fuel. According to the Gaza Ministry of Health, occupancy rates reach 206 percent in inpatient wards and 250 percent in intensive care units. Additionally, these hospitals provide shelter to thousands of displaced people.
- On December 7, Al Awda hospital in Jabalia, one of two still operational in the north, was surrounded by Israeli forces and suffered damage from Israeli bombing. Israeli snipers fire on hospital…