Published on November 20, 2023 at 6:26 p.m.Updated November 20, 2023 at 6:38 p.m.

A few days before the opening of COP28, which takes place from November 30 to December 12 in Dubai, the UN is calling for a real start from its member states. The latest annual report from the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) is more than alarming. Centered on the gap between necessary emissions and current prospects for limiting global warming (“Emission Gap Report”), it shows that countries’ current commitments are very far from being sufficient to respect the Paris Agreement, which aims to limit warming below 2°C. , and to do everything to get closer to 1.5°C.

According to the conclusions of this highly anticipated report, current policies to reduce greenhouse gases instead predict a warming of 3°C by the end of the century, compared to the pre-industrial era. The “unconditional” reduction commitments made by countries are leading the planet towards a warming of 2.9°C, a level which would be reduced to 2.5°C also taking into account the commitments made under conditions (receiving financial support, for example example).

A rapid and ambitious response is needed

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has once again called for a rapid and ambitious response. “Leaders must redouble their efforts dramatically, with ambitions, actions and record emissions reductions,” he insisted, recalling the importance of “rooting out the poisonous roots of the climate crisis.” . : fossil energies “. A subject which should be at the heart of the COP28 debates.

According to the UNEP report, the chances of limiting warming to 1.5°C are only 14%, in the most optimistic scenarios. This would require drastically reducing emissions by the end of the decade: by 42% (and by 28% for a warming of 2°C). A report published last week by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) showed that current trajectories led instead to a decrease of 2% compared to 2019.

Progress has certainly been made since the 2015 Paris Agreement. UNEP notes that government policies in place then would have led to an increase in emissions of 16% compared to the level at the time. Thanks to changes made by governments, this figure has been reduced to 3%. This is still largely insufficient. Furthermore, the progress made since COP27 last year is “negligible”, the report also recalls.

Far from starting to decrease, greenhouse gas emissions increased by 1.2% last year, compared to 2021, indicates UNEP: they reached 57.4 gigatons of CO equivalent2 in 2022. A rate which even turns out to be “slightly higher than that of the decade preceding the Covid-19 pandemic”, note the authors.

Extreme events

In the absence of reaction, humanity is heading straight for catastrophe. Successive IPCC reports show that even at 1.5°C, the effects of warming will be devastating for hundreds of millions of humans. “Given the intensity of the climate impacts we are already witnessing, neither of these two results (+2.5°C or +2.9°C) is desirable,” recalled Inger Andersen, Executive Director of UNEP .

The observed warming has already reached +1.2°C. While the year 2023 promises to be the hottest on record, the extreme events which have multiplied in recent months (heatwaves, floods, fires) foreshadow the climatic conditions of the future. Will COP28 be the meeting place for a healthy start? Inger Andersen wants to believe it. “Countries and delegations understand that, despite the deep divisions that exist and are undeniable, the environment and climate will not wait. We can’t press pause,” she recalls.


Global warming: in 2003, a premonitory summer

Rushing to Save Coral Reefs from Global Warming

Global warming, influence of China, status of New Caledonia… The challenges of Emmanuel Macron’s visit to Oceania

Global warming: in La Sambuy, ski is over

an association raises young people’s awareness of global warming

French monuments threatened by global warming

Valérie Masson-Delmotte: “It’s more comfortable to say that global warming is not that serious”

in the English Channel, global warming does not affect scallop stocks

Donald Trump once called for his execution. Now Yusef Salaam is heading towards City Hall.

Hurricane Hilary is heading towards the Pacific coast of Mexico

anti-aircraft defense neutralizes several drones heading towards Moscow and Crimea – RT in French

The rudderless GOP is heading towards 2024

Empowering Global Education: SRM University-AP’s Dynamic Global Principal Conclave

Climate change: The world briefly exceeded the 2 degree warming limit for the first time ever

the world is on a warming trajectory of 2.5°C to 2.9°C, warns the UN

Intercepted Russian bombers heading for NATO airspace | world news

Ex-president lands in Georgia before heading to Fulton County Jail | world news

Pacific Coral Reefs: Adapting to a Warming Ocean Environment

6 exercises to develop your arms without dumbbells and without having to go to the gym

FC Sochaux will not play in Ligue 2 and are heading for bankruptcy

Did the Senators save the coaching job?

Forbes 30 Under 30, the web3 ecosystem well represented – 06/12

BFM Bourse: 3 p.m./4 p.m. – 06/12

Will Emmanuel Macron give the green light to the addition of contemporary stained glass windows?

the restaurateur indicted after “breaches” of hygiene rules

In the United Kingdom, Boris Johnson apologizes to the families of Covid-19 victims

an influencer sentenced to 10 months suspended prison sentence

How to create Frontiers of Pandora avatar arrows?

Under the influence of cocaine, he fatally hit an 18-year-old cyclist in Muret: a motorist sentenced

Narges Mohammadi, Iranian Nobel Peace Prize winner: “The walls of this prison will not be able to stifle my voice”

the time has come to take stock for the residents

Everything about the first season of “MasterChef Québec”

the far right and CNews in a blatant denial of reality – Libération presents B-Cup 3 in Paris, France

political tensions against a backdrop of crumbling Western support and Russian assaults in Donbass

Robot avatar “Nadya” trains by boxing with a person

Berlin, the spin-off of La Casa de Papel, is our best Christmas present

Named the Apple devices that users are most satisfied with

With its first “urban forest” in the 14th arrondissement, Hidalgo wants to anchor its promise of green Paris

The thread of the day. War in the Middle East: fighting rages in the largest city in southern Gaza, surrounded by Israel

Source : artrepublic

Leave a Reply