SPID: everything you need to know.
SPID is the acronym Public digital identity systemdevised from Agid (Agency for Digital Italy) which allows individuals and companies to access, using a single username and password, all the online services of the Public Administration and private companies members (such as banks).
How to have your own SPID
Private users who intend to create their own digital identity must apply to one of the Identity Provider authorized by Agid (also known as “Identity Managers”) and who are responsible for providing system access credentials (digital identities) and managing user authentication processes.
To get your own SPID you can proceed in two ways: iThe first involves entering personal data via the Identity Provider website, creating the SPID credentials (username and password) and performing the identification. This last step provides for the possibility of being recognized through the Electronic Identity Card (CIE), National Services Card (CNS) and Digital Signature provided you have a smart card reader connected to your PC. In case, it is also possible to carry out the recognition via a webcam. A second method, much more classic, provides for the possibility of going to the offices of the Identity Providers, usually by making an appointment, and make the recognition “Visu”, or in person, being careful to have a valid document with you (identity card or passport) and the health card where the tax code is present.
Active identity providers
Each Identity Provider has its own recognition method, even if for better or worse they are all the same. Those who are currently authorized by Agid to release the SPID are eight: Aruba, Infocert, Intesa, Namirial, Poste Italiane, Sielte, Spid Italia and Tim ID. As far as Poste Italiane is concerned, there is the possibility of home recognition, which is very convenient for elderly people who are not very internet savvy. By paying 14.50 euros, the recognition will be carried out by a postman who will go, by appointment, to the applicant’s home.
How much does it cost to have SPID
In almost all cases that recognition is made there is no activation cost by going to the Identity Provider offices. For the activation procedure which requires a webcam, and therefore a video call with an operator, the service has a cost, which varies according to the Identity Provider offering it. Until 31/12/2018 TIM offers the free web recognition service.
The 3 levels of security
Each SPID generated corresponds to a certain level of security, based on the type of service to be accessed. The three current levels of security are divided as follows:
- Level 1: allows you to access online services simply using a username and password chosen by the user.
- Level 2: as well as access via username and password a temporary access code is generated and sent to the smartphone registered during registration via SMS or specific app. This procedure is used for those services that require a higher level of security.
- Level 3: it stands out due to the need to use a physical medium (for example a smart card) to access the services, in conjunction with the username and password. To date, only Aruba is able to provide a third level SPID.
Each public body decides the level of security necessary to access its services, but at the moment the great majority of these have opted for the first level.
Where to use the SPID
Revenue Agency, Inps, Inail, various regions (such as Piedmont, Lazio, Liguria, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Tuscany, Emilia Romagna) and some municipalities (Florence, Lecce, Venice, Modena) are just a few of the more than 4,000 public administrations that are authorized to be consulted through the SPID. A complete list is available by clicking here. Every institution that gives the possibility to access its online services through a single digital identity displays the SPID access button.
SPID opens the door to Europe
Starting from 29 September 2019, all those who have a SPID will be able to access the online public and private services offered anywhere within the borders of the EU. This is what the Eidas regulation provides, published in the European Official Journal of 26 September 2018, which guarantees European citizens the possibility of accessing online public administration services in all Member States through their national digital identity with a “high and significant” level of security, which Italy has certified to be SPID. This will allow, for example, not having to submit paper documents to the relevant bodies in the European country where you are moving for study or work.