“It’s essential to promote the outdoors as much as possible,” said Margarita de Val, virologist and CSIC researcher. And it is that if we look at the most in-depth studies, we see that “most of the clusters come from closed spaces and in permanent contact with other people. In gyms, pubs, live music venues, karaoke rooms and similar establishments where people gather for relatively long periods of time. “A situation that is observed in the different regrowths that are currently active in Spain. with one thing in common: they are produced indoors.

We have seen it with the German meat industry, with repeated cases of small epidemics. Proximity to workers, close contact, long hours and poor ventilation are perfect cocktail for the virus.

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Where did these epidemics occur?

The Ministry of Health has detected in recent weeks more than ten outbreaks of coronavirus, causing in some cases, such as those of Bajo-Aragón, to return from this state of “new normal” to a state equivalent to that of the phase 2.

Where did these epidemics occur? These are some of the localized areas and the information you have about your place of origin.

  • Andalusia: 22 infected were detected by the contagion in the Pension Zagora and in a supervised apartment of the NGO Cepaim, in Algeciras. According to the Office, the epidemic is in the control phase. The origin is said to be a 78-year-old man who was staying there and died in Punta de Europa hospital despite not overcoming the infection. In Granada, there was a cluster within the same family. The Malaga epidemic, where nearly 90 infections are recorded in the Red Cross reception, emergency and referral center. The building has been sectored and the entry and exit of users has been suspended.

  • Castilla y León: In Valladolid, there were three outbreaks, already under control, in two private residences and at the Río Hortega hospital, where they caused about twenty positives.

  • Aragon: One of the most serious sources of contagion is in Huesca. The indications suggest that the origin would be in one of the largest fruit and vegetable companies in the Bajo Cinca region. The company would be located in Zaidín. It is believed that there is a direct relationship between this epidemic and the one detected at Binéfar, after a youth party which one of the company’s employees was able to attend. As El Español describes it, it would have been a big bottle with more than twenty people in the street, without any type of security measures, masks or preservation of physical distance. Also in the region, the positive outcome of workers at a center for disabled people in Monzón was confirmed.

  • Extremadura: The origin is in the town of Navalmoral de la Mata. The origin would be a North African person who would have maintained direct contact during the “journey” until “reaching the Spanish coast”. It is a case of transmission which does not occur in closed spaces, but produced by the long-term direct contact. In the area, there are already 20 confirmed cases and 30 other isolated people, in contact with patient zero.

  • Asturias: the Director General of Public Health, Rafael Cofiño, expresses that “the most predictable is that there are epidemics that we can control, like this one that we have already had”. Refers to cases two residences, one in Oviedo and one in Gijón.

  • Galicia: The Ministry of Health has reported an outbreak of eight cases in the council of Xove, A Mariña. All those concerned belong to the original carrier family circle. Most remain asymptomatic, but telematic surveillance is underway and 40 people have been placed in preventive quarantine.

  • Catalonia: in La Garrotxa, an epidemic is being investigated which would have affected 31 people. 20 of them work in a meat business of the region. According to sources close to the company, Noel Alimentària, the epidemic has focused on one of the factories located in Begudà. According to reports, the origin would be in a private party, but the increase in infections would have occurred within the company. In Lleida, infections were also detected in a rest home, in the Rambla hotel and in a school farm.

  • Valencian Community: a total of 7 cases have been detected in the Rafelbunyol community. The case comes from a meat business. Public Health is working with the company and its occupational risks department to perform more PCR tests, for a total of nearly 500 tests.

  • Murcia: an outbreak linked to passengers on a flight from Bolivia. All those affected by this outbreak are isolated and around 60 people in close contact with the positives have been quarantined.

  • Cantabria: in Santander, two sources of contagion were detected, “not connected to each other”, but “geographically close”. “These are two independent foci of intra-household transmission, between which, at present, no epidemiological link has been established, so that, although they are under investigation, they cannot be classified as an epidemic, ”the ministry explained. And it is that although in many cases it takes place of contagion, the virus continues to be transmitted by many routes and it is not always possible to determine the site of transmission.

Closed spaces: an ideal environment for contagion

According to the results of a study of 318 households recorded in China outside Hubei, “The closed environments in which we live and work are the most common place of transmission of the virus”. According to the preprint, the places with the most outbreaks were homes, followed by transport, the two closed spaces. However, only one possible outbreak was identified outside. According to a preprinted study of Japanese origin, the transmission of the coronavirus indoors is up to 18.7 times greater than outdoors.

According to the “European Center for Disease Prevention and Control”, “several outbreak investigation reports have shown that the transmission of COVID-19 can be particularly effective in overcrowded and crowded spaces, such as Workplaces such as factories, churches, restaurants, ski resorts, shopping centers, workers’ residences, cruises and vehiclesor events that occur inside. like parties and dance lessons. ”

Source : Engadget