The right framework for you in 2023

There are hundreds of web libraries and frameworks in the world of web development, and determining which one to use can be challenging. Ruby on Rails and Django are some of the most popular server-side libraries for building modern web applications.

This article will compare Ruby on Rails and Python’s Django to help you make an informed decision. You’ll learn about the features and applications of each framework and explore a side-by-side comparison of the two based on features and functionality.

The right framework for you in 2023

What is Ruby on Rails?

Ruby on Rails, or simply Rails, is an open source web application framework built on top of Ruby. Like other web frameworks, Rails makes it easy to build web applications. This web framework provides the default structure for your code, the web pages the application will serve, and the databases it will use.

The applications you build with Ruby on Rails will be;

The right framework for you in 2023
  • Insurance. Rails has built-in security mechanisms that protect the application from SQL injection, cross-site request forgery, and cross-site scripting.
  • Versatile. You can use Rails to build social media apps, eCommerce platforms, content management systems, job boards, and much more.
  • Have a RESTful API design. Ruby on Rails focuses on scalable, modular, and clean designs for RESTful APIs.

Due to its simplicity and rapid development process, Rails is used by startups and large organizations.

Some of the big names using Ruby on Rails in their tech stacks are;

The right framework for you in 2023
  • GitHub
  • Shopify
  • airbnb
  • hulu
  • Bargain
  • sound cloud

What is Django?

Django is a high-level Python framework that enables rapid development of websites that are secure and easy to maintain.

Django has been dubbed ‘the web framework for perfectionists on tight deadlines’. This web framework makes it easy to build better web applications quickly with less code.

The right framework for you in 2023

With Django, you can create a web application that is;

  • Fully charged. Django has hundreds of features that take care of the most common development tasks. The web framework takes care of features like content management, user authentication, sitemaps, and RSS feeds to let you focus on business logic.
  • Insurance. You don’t have to worry about security issues like SQL injection, cross-site request forgery, cross-site scripting, and clickjacking in your application, because Django takes care of all security threats.
  • Versatile. Because of its versatility, you can use Django to create almost all kinds of things.
  • scalable. Django’s component-based, “shared nothing” architecture contributes to its scalability. Each part of the architecture is independent, which means that it can be changed or replaced when necessary.

Django’s ability to handle large amounts of traffic and its security features make it appreciated by both small and large organizations.

Some of the big names using Django are;

The right framework for you in 2023
  • Mozilla
  • instagram
  • POT
  • pinterest
  • Heroku
  • Bitbucket
  • Quora

Ruby on Rails vs. Django

FeatureDjangoRuby on RailsLanguagePython RubyDesign architecture Model-View Template. An application has three parts; Model, View and Template. The model represents the data, and the business logic view deals with user input. The template renders the data in a specific format, such as HTMLModel-View-Controller. A rails application has 3 parts; Model, view and controller. The model represents data and the business logic view presents data to users. The driver takes care of the user’s inputLicenseMIT license. This license grants permission and indemnifies developers for future use of the BSD license. This is a low restriction license with no redistribution requirements. Security Built-in features that protect against most security threats. It has built-in security features. However, developers can bolster these features using third-party solutions. SyntaxPython is known for its easy-to-read syntax, and Django follows the same principle. Rails have an elegant syntax. You may need fewer lines of code in Rails than in Django when writing the same function. However, Rails code readability is more complicated than Django’s. Database support Supports multiple databases; NoSQL and SQL databases Supports various databases, but mainly focuses on SQL databases such as PostgreSQL and MySQL. DeploymentBuilt-in support for deployment by using scriptTools like Capistrano offer built-in support for deploymentTestingHas several frameworks for built-in unit and functional testing.Frameworks like MiniTest and RSpec provide built-in testing

Where and when should Ruby on Rails be used?

  • By creating self-sufficient systems. Compared to Django, creating an API in Ruby on Rails is complicated. Ruby on Rails is suitable when you want to build a web application that doesn’t consume a lot of data from third-party sources.
  • When building apps with standard feature requirements. Sites like blogs and eCommerce platforms are not that complicated to build. Ruby on Rails works perfectly for these kinds of platforms.
  • You need to build a website fast. Ruby on Rails has a default code structure so you can get started quickly. You can configure your model, views, and controllers with a single command.

Where and when should Django be used?

  • Applications with complex API architecture. Creating APIs and consuming data from external APIs is easy when using Django. Therefore, this web framework is suitable if your application is highly dependent on external data.
  • Complex systems with fine-tuned customizations. Django makes it easy to build complex systems like those used for travel and booking websites. Such websites consider user input and return customized products.
  • Web applications with complex algorithms change dynamically. Django has several features for handling complex algorithms, which explains why it’s one of the frameworks in Google’s tech stack.

Learning Resources: Ruby on Rails

#one. The Complete Ruby on Rails Developer Course

This course teaches how to rapidly prototype ideas and turn them into innovative web applications. The content is delivered in both videos and articles. There are also 8 coding exercises to assess your learning progress.

Some key areas are;

The right framework for you in 2023
  • How to set up a Ruby on Rails application.
  • Learning Vanilla Ruby will make it easier to master Ruby on Rails concepts.
  • Delve into Ruby on Rails with a special interest in Associations, Authentication, and CRUD operations.

The course is suitable for beginners and those with prior knowledge of Ruby.

#2. Ruby on Rails: Up and Running

This book introduces users to the world of Ruby and Ruby on Rails. The book is suitable for those with Ruby/Ruby on Rails experience and beginners.

The main focus areas are;

  • How to install and get started with Ruby and Ruby on Rails.
  • How to work with REST APIs and Ajax
  • How to create user-centric web pages and send email from a Rails application.

This resource is available in Paperback and Kindle versions.

The right framework for you in 2023

#3. Learn Ruby on Rails

This course takes a project-based approach in which students build 8 complete web applications using Ruby on Rails. The course is divided into four lessons and has quizzes after each lesson.

This course touches;

  • The setup process for a Ruby on Rails application.
  • Introduction to databases and how to add them to a Rails application.
  • Associations such as one-to-many and many-to-many.

By the end of the course, students will have mastered how to communicate with databases and the MVC architecture.

The right framework for you in 2023

Learning resources for Django

#one. Python Django – The Practical Guide

This course teaches how to build websites and web applications with Python and the Django framework. It is divided into 17 sections and the content is delivered in video and text formats.

The course covers the following;

  • Installing Django and configuring a Django application.
  • urls and views
  • Data and models
  • forms
  • Relations
  • Management

This how-to guide is ideal for developers with prior knowledge of Python, HTML, and CSS. It is also suitable for JavaScript developers who want to explore Python. By the end of the course, students will have created a fully functional blog website.

#2. Django expertise for everyone

This course teaches how to build and deploy rich web sites and web applications using Python’s Django. The course uses a project-based learning approach in which students create a web application that displays ads.

The main focus of this course is;

  • How to use Django as a server-side framework when building web applications using HTML and CSS.
  • How to use the integrated login function and define cookies and sessions.
  • How to work with databases while working with Django.

The course is suitable for developers with knowledge of HTML, CSS and Python.

#3. lightweight django

This book teaches how to integrate complex client-side interactions and real-time functions into robust web applications. This hands-on resource teaches you how to incorporate WebSockets and REST APIs into Django projects.

The main focus of this book is on;

The right framework for you in 2023
  • How to set up lightweight Django projects.
  • How to break Django code into smaller sections that talk to each other.
  • How to use Django with an MVC framework like Backbone.js.

The book is ideal if you are already familiar with JavaScript or Python. Light Django has code-based examples to help you master different concepts.

author’s note

Both Django and Ruby on Rails have their strengths and drawbacks. When you want rapid development and a focus on convention over configuration, then Ruby on Rails will be a great choice.

On the other hand, if you want a secure and robust application, Django is the go-to web development framework. Although Ruby on Rails has amazing features, Django takes the day as it is ideal for large applications that can handle multiple databases.


Most people will support the web framework they are familiar with. However, suppose you have interacted with both. In that case, you’ll notice that Ruby on Rails and Django are amazing web frameworks with distinct features and some similarities, like great communities and support.

The right framework for you in 2023

Whether you use Ruby on Rails or Django depends on the nature of the application you want to build, your skills, tastes, and preferences.